Geographia Technica, Vol 15, Issue 2, 2020, pp. 222-234


Tissadee PROHMDIREK  , Poramate CHUNPANG  , Teerawong LAOSUWAN

DOI: 10.21163/GT_2020.152.21

ABSTRACT: The objective of this research is to analyze the relationship between Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and canopy temperature that affects the Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon in Mueang Maha Sarakham Municipality. The operational methods were divided into three main steps: 1) Analyzing NDVI by using Landsat 8 OLI satellite data 2) Monitoring canopy temperature with mobile traverses installed with digital thermometer and auto-record GPS receiver 3) Analyzing the relationship between NDVI and canopy temperature that passed through the spatial interpolation process using the kriging method. The results of the operational methods indicated that the trend of average atmospheric temperature in the urban area was higher than the outer area. Mueang Maha Sarakham Municipality had the highest UHI in the atmosphere at 4.65o C. And from the buffer zone with a distance of 800 m around the centroid point, the highest UHI in the atmosphere was 5.08o C. From the regression analysis between NDVI and the atmospheric temperature, it could be found a negative relationship between the data with a significance level of 0.01 and the decision coefficient (R2) of0.93 92. This can be explained that if the area from the buffer zone decreased towards the centroid point, the value of NDVI decreased as well. In addition, when the equation set from the regression analysis was brought to predict the difference in atmospheric temperature in the area of Mueang Maha Sarakham Municipality and the surrounding area, the UHI sizes at all periods (16.00-20.00 hrs.) increased in accordance with the decreases of NDVI values. Meanwhile, considering the tendency between the changes in UHI size in the atmosphere in each period and NDVI values with the polynomial regression analysis (degree 4), it was found that the maximum formation of UHI was during 18.00-19.00 hrs.’. The decreases in NDVI values resulted in a higher UHI size in each period. In addition, when the NDVI values in Mueang Maha Sarakham Municipality were less than 0.302, the largest size of UHI in the atmosphere will change at the time approaching 19.00 hrs.

Keywords: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI); Urban Heat Island (UHI); Remote Sensing; Landsat 8.

Full article here