Geographia Technica, Vol 15, Issue 2, 2020, pp. 106-116


Muh Aris MARFAI , Benarifo AHMADA, Bachtiar MUTAQIN , Rainey WINDAYATI

DOI: 10.21163/GT_2020.152.11

ABSTRACT: As the world’s best tourist destination in 2017 according to the world’s largest travel site, Trip Advisor, Bali offers several tourism activities, including scuba diving. One of the famous dive sites is in the north of Bali, specifically Pemuteran Village. As a result, tourism activities contributed to water shortages in 2009 and 2013, partly because they used up to 65% of the available water supply. This study sought to determine water use and management by the dive resorts in Pemuteran Village and analyze their work connections in supporting tourism business activities, particularly those related to scuba diving. The technical approach used in this research, namely the integration of the mapping and network analysis to measure the water management in the local context, is considered as the appropriate method where the human geographical interview and survey meets with the technical geography of network analysis and mapping. Interviews with dive resort owners and managers in July 2019 produced information on 1) annual water use, 2) efforts and policies related to water use management, and 3) cooperation between dive resorts in Pemuteran Village as an attempt to create sustainable tourism. The results showed that all dive resorts in the village used 30,202,375 liters of water per year and that each of them had internally implemented several strategies to conserve more water. However, based on the technical approach of the Gephi program, the sociogram of the network is currently shown the weak collaboration or agreement between dive resorts on this front, which potentially threatens the sustainability of tourism in Pemuteran Village and affects the income of the local people.

Keywords: Tourism, Water use, Social network, Scarcity, Bali, Indonesia

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