Geographia Technica, Vol 10, Issue no. 2/2015, pp. 9-19


Zoltán BUJDOSÓ, János PÉNZES, Szilárd MADARAS, Lóránt DÁVID

ABSTRACT: Tourism is considered as one of the most important economic sectors, providing opportunities both for economy and development as it accounts for 5% of the GDPs in countries worldwide. This fact emphasizes the significance of the sector in Romania, as well, although tourism makes up only 1.9% of the Romanian GDP. The importance of tourism in regional development is also vital, which can be analysed by different statistical methods. During the research, our objectives were to examine the correlation between the economic development indicators and tourism; their spatial relationship, and, in close relation with these, we have also studied the characteristics of the spatial trends of tourism. To answer these questions, the method of weighted centroids statistical methods was used and it was supported by GIS tools. The results revealed that despite the increasing number of tourist arrivals, one of the biggest problems of Romanian tourism was the decreasing number of guest nights during the investigated period between 2000 and 2012. In our opinion, this phenomenon seriously threatens the sustainability of capacities, which can be a key issue of future tourism development policies. The results of our statistical research suggested a moderate correlation between tourism indicators and the examined development indicators. Nevertheless, it is clear that tourism indicators are definitely separated from most development indicators.

Keywords: Tourism trend, Statistical analysis, Romanian, Temporal and spatial distribution

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